Woman standing pulling measuring tape around waist.

 

Body Mass Index(BMI) is the recommended method for diagnosing overweight and obesity . It evaluate the relationship between body weight and height. While BMI is not a direct measure of excess body fat. BMI is widely used by medical, health and fitness professional to classify underweight, over weight and obesity in adult.

India is the largest population of obese people. World wide obesity is double since 1980. World Obesity Federation defined obesity relapsing disease. Obesity is a chronic ailment . According to WHO, ”overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.

Understand your BMI

BMI work as an effective alarm. BMI is calculated by dividing weight (in kg) by height (in meters) squared.

BMI categories:

Underweight— less than 18.5kg/meter square

Normal —  18.5-23 kg/ meter square

overweight– 23-27.5kg/ meter square

obesity       — 27.5 or higher

 

Significance of BMI :- Monitoring BMI, can help the person to understand his risk for developing certain chronic diseases. In general, maintaining a BMI within the healthy range reduces the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, stroke, cancer, sleep apnea and osteoarthritis. A BMI  under 18.5 is considered unhealthy. Different complications of malnutrition are anemia, heart irregularities, cavities and osteoporosis. BMI is not the only  factor, though your diet, physical activity level, family history play a role in diseases prevention as well.

Reference:

www. Webmd.com/body-mass-index-bmi-topic-overview/