I saw many people who had advanced heart disease and I was so frustrated because I knew if they just knew how to do the right thing, simple lifestyle and diet steps, that the entire trajectory of their life and health would have been different—-Mehmet Oz
Cardiovascular diseases cover a wide variety of conditions that affect the heart, the brain and the blood vessels including:
1. Atherosclerosis: – Atherosclerosis is the buildup of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels. It is a progressive process responsible for most heart disease. Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis that affects only the inner lining of an artery. It is characterized by plaque deposits that block the flow of blood. This process of atherosclerosis can start as early as in childhood and the teen years.
2. Heart attack: – Heart attack also known as myocardial infraction, is usually caused when a plaque inside a coronary artery ruptures, creating a clot that blocks blood flow to the heart.
3. Stroke: – Stroke is like a heart attack but in the brain. It can be caused by a clot or weakness in vessel walls that bursts, causing a hemorrhage.
4. Hypertension: – Hypertension is high blood pressure, and it is also linked to atherosclerosis because the heart needs to work harder to pump blood through narrowed arteries.
5. Cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heart beat):- It is caused by dysfunction in the heart’s electrical conduction system.
6. Cardiomyopathy: – Cardiomyopathy is a disorder of the heart muscle in which it becomes enlarged, thick or rigid, causing it to become too weak to pump effectively.
7. Congenital heart disease: – It refers to heart problems a person born with. Some of those include abnormal valves or abnormalities in the hear chamber.
8. Rheumatic heart disease: – Rheumatic fever damages the heart muscles and valves.
Cardiovascular diseases are unavoidable; age or family history contributing to factors. However, various steps can be taken to prevent them.
1. Quit smoking
2. Reduce cholesterol level
3. Control blood pressure
4. Stay active
5. Follow healthy diet
6. Maintain a healthy weight
7. Manage stress
By following simple steps, one can improve and preserve heart’s health. Studies from around the world show that health of the heart is linked more closely to lifestyle.