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Body Mass Index is a calculation that determines level of fats in the human body. BMI  is a good starting point for determining risk factors of having high BMI or low BMI. It is a screening tool which is used  to assess a person’s weight and his or her risk for developing certain medical diseases.

High BMI

Having a body mass index is between 23 to 27.5, it means  that you could be overweight. If your body mass index falls above 27.5 or higher. You have a greater risk of obesity and related diseases. Obesity diminishes almost  every aspect of life.

Effects of high BMI

1.High blood pressure

2. Type 2 diabetes

3. Heart diseases

4. High cholesterol

5. Osteoarthritis

6. Certain cancer

7. Gall bladder diseases

8. Fatty liver diseases

9. Low quality of life

10. Mental illness such as depression, anxiety.

11. Body pain and difficulty with physical functioning.

Even a small weight loss will help to lower  risk of developing these diseases.

Low BMI

When BMI  is less than 18.5 , a person could be underweight .Consuming a minimal amount of calories or burning more calories than you consume can lead to malnutrition or low BMI. Some underweight  women have an eating disorder called anorexia nervosa, condition that occurs with severe calorie restriction in an effort to become very thin. Underweight  can lead to serious illness.

Effects of low BMI:

1. Fragile bones

2. Weakened immune system

3.Anemia

4. Hair loss

5. Dry skin

6. Infertility

7. Thyroid problem

8. Tooth decay

A balanced diet is important because your organs and tissue need proper nutrition to work effectively. Without good nutrition, your body is more prone to diseases, infection, fatigue and poor performance.